Abundant nickel alloys, the total amount used in the industry more than a few thousand. Here are the main ones.
ALNI alloys - an iron-nickel-aluminum (20-35% nickel, 11-18% aluminum). They have high magnetic properties and are used for the production of molded magnets, ceramic-metal method or the electric spark method (due to the hardness and friability). Can be alloyed with cobalt, silicon (Alnis alloys)
Alumel - aluminum-silicon alloy, manganese and cobalt, remainder nickel (aluminum 1.8-2.5%, 0,85-2% silicon, 1.8-2.2% manganese, cobalt, 0.6-1%). Alloying zirconium and boron. It is used as the negative electrode in the thermocouple Chromel-alumel and as compensatory wires.
Invar - iron-nickel alloy (Ni 34.5%, 65.5% iron) has a low coefficient of thermal expansion and is used for the production of parts and measures the length of the controlling apparatus. It has a variety of (superinvar) with a particularly low coefficient of expansion.
Inconel - superalloy is nickel-chromium-iron (15% Cr, 9% iron). It may be alloyed with titanium, aluminum, molybdenum. It serves as construction material in the manufacture of jet engines.
Constantan - Cu-Ni (Nickel 39-41%, 1-2% manganese, copper else) has a low dependence of conductivity on temperature. Used for the production of resistors, measuring instruments (with the exception of high-end precision instruments).
Kopel - copper-nickel alloy (43% nickel, manganese, 0.5%) is similar to constant. Nickel alloy with a maximum thermal electromotive force in the thermocouple with chromel is used in a negative thermos electrodes thermocouples and compensation for the production of wires.
Kunial - an alloy of copper-nickel-aluminum. There kunial A (12-15% nickel, 2.3-3% aluminum) and kunial B (5.5-6.5% Ni, 1,2-2,8% aluminum). nickel alloys Inox and durable, and kunial B also freeze-proof, so used in cryogenics. Common names: MNA6-1,5 and MNA13-3.
Manganin - nickel alloy with a predominance of copper and 2.5-3.5% addition of nickel, manganese (11,5-13,5%). It has a very low electrical conductivity dependent on temperature (but at room temperature). Used in the production of standard resistors and measuring instruments.
Melchior - nickel copper alloy (mostly) 5-30% corrosion-proof and is used in shipbuilding. Alloys with a high content of nickel used for the production of dishes and so forth.
Monel - nickel alloys with copper alloyed with manganese, iron. It has good corrosion resistance to alkalis and acids, heat-proof, durable. It is used in the textile, petrochemical, medical and chemical industries.
Nickel silver - an alloy of copper-nickel-zinc (Ni 5-35%, 13-45% zinc). It has high aesthetic qualities, is used to make dishes, due to its satisfactory electrical conductivity, used in electrical engineering. Also used in the production of MEDINSTRUMENT and much more.
Siliceous nickel produced in the form of tapes and bands. Used for the production of parts of electrical appliances and devices.
Nickel manganese is used for production of nickel grid control mercury rectifiers.
Nimonic - heat-resistant nickel alloy (nickel alloys Group) with the addition of chromium, titanium and aluminum. Alloying cobalt, molybdenum. Produced in the form of tubes, sheets, rods, forgings. It used as a structural material in the manufacture of jet engines.
Nitinol - nickel-titanium alloy (Ti 55%, nickel 45%). It has a memory effect.
Nichrome - a class of heat-resistant nickel alloys (nickel, 65-80%, 15-30% Cr). Alloying aluminum, silicon, rare earth metals. Zharostoek has a high electric resistance is used, whereby, as a material for the production of heating elements, as well as for the manufacture of components operating at high temperature.
Permalloy - class nickel alloys with iron. Possess high permeability, low coercively, and low hysteresis loss. Supplied as a Tape 0,003-0,5 mm. Used in communications technology, electrical engineering.
Platinum - iron-nickel alloy (42-46% nickel, 0.15% carbon, balance iron). 46n alloy used in soldering with ceramics. It is used for the production of bimetallic copperplated ribbons and wire used in the manufacture of electronic devices.
Nickel Silver Lead - manufactured in strip form and is used in the watch industry.
TB alloy - made in the form of wire. It is used for the manufacture of compensating wires.
Alloy TA - is also produced in the form of a wire and is used for the manufacture of compensating wires.
TD-nickel - nickel alloy with a highly doped oxides of thorium.
Hastelloy - class nickel alloys with molybdenum, chromium, iron. Corrosion-proof to acids. It produced as castings, wire, rods, sheets. Mainly used in the chemical industry.
Chromel - nickel-chromium alloy, and has certain heat-proof thermoelectric properties, thus used as a positive thermos electrode thermocouples and compensating for manufacturing wires.
Elinvars - class of iron-nickel alloys, the elastic properties of which have a weak temperature dependence, which allows their use for the production of parts, where necessary (for example, membranes, springs).
Below grade nickel alloys. MN0,6; MN16; MN19; MN25; MN95-5; MNA13-3; MNA6-1,5; MNZH5-1; MNZHKT5-1-0,2; MNZhMts10-1-1; MNZhMts28-2,5-1,5; MNZhMts30-1-1; MNMts 60-20-20; MNMts 68-4-2; MNMts3-12; MNMts40-1,5; MNMts43-0,5; MNMtsAZh3-12-0,3-0,3; MNTS12-24; MNTS15-20; MNTS18-20; MNTS18-27; MNTSS16-29-1,8; N70M28; N70M28F; NK0,2; NMZhMts28-2,5-1,5; NMts1; NMts2; NMts2,5; NMts5; NMtsAK2-2-1; NH9; NH9,5; H15N55M16V; Cr20Ni80; HN55VMTFKYU.